Cusco.- The city of Cusco, the ancient capital of the Inca empire, was declared Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 1983 and is one of the most important destinations in the country. Among its cobbled streets are Inca buildings, such as the Korikancha and the Inca Roca Palace, along with colonial Andean Baroque buildings such as the Cathedral. Where is Cusco? Location: South of Lima Capital: City of Cuzco Distance: 1,650 Km from Lima Altitude: 3,999 m.a.s.l. Population: 1,171,503 Climate: The city of Cusco has a semi-dry and cold climate. The maximum annual average temperature is 19.6 ° C (67.3 ° F) and the minimum is 4.2 ° C (39.6 ° F). The rainy season is from October to March, between June and July “frosts” (intense cold) are common How do I get to Cusco? Terrestrial Road: Lima-Arequipa-Cusco: 1,650 km (26 hours by car) Lima-Nazca-Puquio-Abancay-Cusco: 1,131 km (20 hours by car); Puno-Cusco: 389 km (7 hours by car) Airway: Regular flights from Lima (1 hour) and from Arequipa (30 minutes) to the city of Cusco. Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport. Av. Velasco Astete s / n. Railroad: Regular service: Puno-Cusco: 384 km (10 hours); Cuzco-Machu Picchu, Ollantaytanbo-Aguas Calientes What activities can be done? Tours Plaza de Armas of Cusco In the time of the Incas, it was called “Huacaypata” Quechua word that means place of crying or meeting. It was an important ceremonial place where the Inti Raymi or Fiesta del Sol was held every year. It was the place where Francisco Pizarro proclaimed the conquest of Cusco. Tours Temple and Convent of Santo Domingo- Korikancha The Korikancha according to the chroniclers, was one of the most impressive buildings in Inca Cusco; Inside, there were entire walls covered with gold foil, it was the main temple of the Sun God. The convent has a very valuable gallery with canvases from the 17th and 18th centuries. Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu It is one of the most important trekking routes in South America, in the route there are numerous streams and courses of waters of glacial origin. Among the twelve archaeological monuments that can be seen, Qoriwayrachina, Patallaqta, Runkuraqay, Sayaqmarca, Phuyupatamarca, Intipunku, Intipata and Wiñayhuayna stand out. The most popular route starts at km 82 of the Cusco-Machu Picchu railway (40 km until you reach the citadel of Machu Picchu). Tours Citadel of Machu Picchu One of the 7 wonders of the modern world is located 120 km northeast of Cuzco at an altitude of 4,200 m; Machu Picchu is a Quechua word that means “Old Mountain” also known as “The Lost City of the Incas” one of the main and most beautiful archaeological monuments of Peru and the world, has a spectacular natural scenery of flora and fauna, beautiful Inca constructions, the archaeological complex is divided into sectors; The agricultural and urban sector. Walk to Choquequirao Located on the slopes of the snowy Yanacocha, 123 km from the city of Abancay, it is composed of 9 sectors, such as the religious center, the system of fountains and canals with aqueducts and the covers. It is distributed around an esplanade or main square and complemented by an andenary agricultural system on the hill “Choquequirao” Where to sleep? There is accommodation for all budgets, from US $ 12 per night per person other from US $ 20 to US $ 200 per night per couple, in more central locations, such as the Liberator Hotel, Inka Monastery, 5-star Andean house and in general all are located in the same city. Reference prices not valid for high seasons.
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