It has an area of 1,285,216 km2, it is the third largest country in South America, it has 200 nautical miles and territorial rights over an area of 60 million hectares in Antarctica. Peru is politically organized in 24 departments (Amazonas, Ancash, Apurímac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huánuco, Ica, Junín, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura , Puno, San Martín, Tacna, Tumbes and Ucayali), Callao, as a constitutional province. Independence Day is celebrated on July 28.
Peru is a democratic republic; The President and members of Congress are elected every five years by universal vote. The current Constitutional President of Peru is Dr. Martin Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo (2019-2021).
Peru has approx:
– 31 million inhabitants
– Urban Area: 73.3%
– Rural Area: 26.7%
Throughout its history, a mixture of races and cultures emerges with the migrations of blacks, Asians and Europeans; giving rise to the Peruvian man.
In Peru, a multitude of native languages coexist as part of their cultural wealth. Although Spanish is the language of common use, Quechua is an important inheritance of the Inca past and in many regions of the country it is still spoken, with slight variations depending on the area. There are other dialects such as Aymara (Puno) and various Amazonian languages spoken in each family or community.
Spanish: 80.3%; Quechua: 16.4%; Other languages: 3.0%; Foreign Languages: 0.3%
It has the most varied geography in South America, consisting of three distinct regions: the dry coastal desert, the high Andean mountains and the Amazonian forest.
The Coast: From December to April, temperatures reach 27 ° C, after May to November temperatures can reach 42 ° C with high humidity.
The Andean: May to October are sunny days and cold nights, creating the perfect time for adventure sports; From April to November precipitation is abundant, temperatures can fluctuate from 18 ° C to 6 ° C.
The Jungle: The dry season is from May to October with sunny days the temperature reaches 30 ° C during the rainy season, the rivers increase.
Currency and Money Exchange
The Peruvian currency is Soles (S /.) That circulates in 10, 20 and 50 cent coins; 1, 2, 5, Soles and Banknotes of 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 Soles.
Credit cards are accepted in important places such as hotels, super markets, travel agencies and transportation. Dollars are not accepted in restaurants, discos, markets and taxis.
Catholicism, other cults and denominations are accepted.
220 Volt electric current. It will require a transformer to use 110 Volts
How to get to Peru?
Peru is a country of privileged location, in the center of South America, several international and Peruvian airlines have regular flights to Peru. The main point of arrival is the Jorge Chavez International Airport (LIM Airport Code), in the city of Lima, capital of Peru.
From New York – Newark, Atlanta, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles, Mexico, Cancun and Toronto there are direct flights to Lima.
From Europe there are direct flights to Lima from Madrid, Paris and Amsterdam.
Peru has direct flights from the main cities in Latin America such as Bogotá, Buenos Aires, Caracas, Guayaquil, Havana, La Paz, Mexico, Panama, Quito, Rio de Janeiro, Santiago, Sao Paulo, San José de Costa Rica, Santo Domingo.
Flights from Asia or Oceania to Peru, US connection or Europe
The Jorge Chavez International Airport in Lima is the main point of arrival for international tourists, and it is also the main airport for connecting local flights in Peru.
In addition, some cities in Peru receive international flights; Iquitos from Panama, Cuzco from La Paz, Bolivia, Arequipa from Arica, Chile, visit: https://www.lima-airport.com/esp
Peru is a country of great extensions and difficult mountainous geography, for which it is advisable to travel by plane to know the main tourist attractions of Peru.
Information on international flight arrivals to Lima (Airport Information – real time)
Departure information for international flights from Lima (Airport information – real time)
Before Departure – Confirm Reservations
Departure times must be reconfirmed with the airline office at least 72 hours in advance, otherwise reservations may be canceled.
Before Departure – Registration at the Airline Counter
Passengers must register at the airline counter at least one hour before departure if you have registered online. The airport tax payment is included in your flight ticket.
We provide transportation to / from the airport in Lima.
Airport – Hotel or city: At the departure gate in the domestic flight area you can take an official taxi from the airport. This is a safe service (US $ 45 approx.)
From the hotel – Airport: It is recommended that you request taxi service at the hotel.
The most popular transportation to travel within Peru is by bus, for tourist destinations located on the coast and the Andes. Jungle destinations do not have access by land.
Tourism Exploring Peru offers you the possibility to book and buy tickets in the main Peruvian land transport companies; (Cruz del Sur, Movil Buss, Oltursa) we also have buses and vans for private tourist transport.
Rates are reasonable and the service is regular. The buses cover 85% of the routes in the departments of Peru (coast and the mountains), which connects the capital Lima to the main cities and tourist areas, such as: Arequipa, Cuzco, Puno, Paracas, Ica, Nazca, Tacna , Chiclayo, Trujillo, Cajamarca, Huaraz, Tumbes, Máncora, Piura, Ayacucho, Huancayo, Huanuco, Tarapoto and more.
The entry points by land are the following:
Aguas Verdes (Tumbes) on the Pan-American Highway North and La Tina (Piura) from the city of Loja (Ecuador).
There are two border crossings, Desaguadero and Kasani, for those who come from La Paz and from Copacabana, respectively.
Passage of Santa Rosa (Tacna) along the Panamericana Sur highway.
Peru is also accessed through rivers. You can enter the Peruvian city of Iquitos, through the Amazon River, from Leticia (Colombia) and Tabatinga (Brazil).
You can enter through Lake Titicaca, from Guaqui (Bolivia) to Puno (Peru).
Cruises that stop in Peru, disembark mainly in the port of Callao (30 minutes from Lima)